Acne | Pigmentation | Ageing Skin | Uneven skin tone
Say goodbye to dark patches and wrinkles, and hello to younger-looking skin with chemical peels. All without stepping into an expensive surgery. Skin peels, also known as chemical peels, are the safer low-cost alternatives to expensive facelifts and injections which can have unexpected side effects.
Most frequent questions and answers
- Smooths fine lines and wrinkles
- Lessens the severity of acne, as well as white heads and black heads
- Reduces mild scarring
- Lightens age spots, freckles and other patches of hyperpigmentation
- Shrinks enlarged pores
- Repairs sun-damaged skin
- Balances skin tone
- Removes dry skin
- Makes skin look and feel firmer
- Exfoliates dead skin cells, unclogs pores, and encourages collagen production
Sagging or bugling skin, and more severe wrinkles do not respond well to chemical peels. Other treatment options may be available for you.
Almost everyone can benefit from a peel, but the type of peel will depend on the skin type, which will be assessed at the consultation appointment. You may need to use some preparatory products to acclimatize the skin to the active ingredient.
There are three different types of chemical peels that you can get. These include:
- Superficial peels, which contain mild acids like alpha-hydroxy acid to gently exfoliate. It only penetrates the outermost layer of skin.
- Medium peels, which contain trichloroacetic or retinol to reach the middle and outer layer of skills. This makes it more effective for removing damaged skin cells.
- Deep peels, which fully penetrate the middle layer of the skin to remove damaged skin cells; these peels often use phenol or tricholoracetic acid. This is performed in a hospital setting.
They do not all cause severe peeling, redness and blistering that some television makeover programmes will have us believe.
The treatment is safe, as long as it is carried out by a professional.
During the first stage of the actual treatment, the skin will be cleansed. Sensitive areas like the corners of the mouth, nose and around the eyes will be protected. The peel solution will be applied using a cotton wall ball, gauze or brush. You may feel some mild tingling or stinging during the peel, which is completely normal and indicates that the acid is beginning to work.
After the required exposure time has passed, the acid may be neutralized with water or another solution or it may be left on the skin (depending on the type of peel being carried out). The neutralizing agent can also be applied earlier if the skin is uniformly red (which would suggest your skin is too sensitive for the treatment) or if frosting (the skin turning white from the exfoliation) occurs.
An SPF will be applied and you will be given aftercare instructions.
After a chemical peel, you will be advised to:
- Wear sunscreen every day, minimum of SPF 30 as the skin is temporarily more sensitive to the sun.
- Limit your time in the sun, especially between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., and wear a wide-brimmed hat.
- Do not touch or rub the treated areas
- Do not wear makeup until the redness has settled
- Avoid extremes of temperature until the redness has completely settled
Common side effects are temporary, and include:
- Itching, caused by the regeneration of the new skin cells
- Stinging or burning
- Slight swelling
There may more serious risks and dangerous side effects that can be permanent. These include:
- Darkening or lightening of the skin colour. These can be more common in people with darker skin.
- This can be permanent.
- People with herpes simplex may experience flares following a treatment. Very rarely, chemical peels can cause fungal or bacterial infections.
Course of approximately 4-6 peels is recommended for optimum results (estimated).