Uneven Skin tone and Discolouration

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation isn’t necessarily a condition but a term that describes skin that appears darker. It can:

  • Occur in small patches
  • Cover large areas
  • Affect the entire body

    While increased pigmentation usually isn’t harmful, it can be a symptom of another medical condition.

    Allow me to create a bespoke treatment plan to successfully tackle hyperpigmentation, leaving you with a clearer complexion.
  • Types of hyperpigmentation

    There are several types of hyperpigmentation, the common ones being melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

    Melasma also known as Cholasma ‘mask of pregnancy’ is believed to be caused by hormonal changes and may develop during pregnancy. This chronic condition is difficult to treat and is often irregularly shaped but often distinctly defined blotches of light to dark brown pigmentation seen on the upper nose, cheeks, chin, forehead and sometimes the neck as these areas are more exposed to the sun.

    Melasma is more common in darker skin types, Fitzpatricks 4-6.

    Sunspots - also called liver spots or solar lentigines, sunspots are common. They are related to excess sun exposure over time. Generally, they appear as spots on areas exposed to the sun, such as the hands and face.

    Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation - This is a result of injury or inflammation to the skin. A common cause of this type is acne.

    What are the symptoms and risk factors?

    Darkened areas on the skin are the main symptoms of hyperpigmentation. Patches can vary in size and develop anywhere on the body.

    The biggest risk factors for general hyperpigmentation are sun exposure and inflammation, as both situations can increase melanin production. The greater your exposure to the sun, the greater your risk of increased skin pigmentation.

    Depending on the type of disorder, other risk factors for hyperpigmented patches may include:
  • Oral contraceptive use or pregnancy, as seen with melasma
  • Darker skin type, which is more prone to pigmentation changes
  • Drugs that increase your sensitivity to the sunlight
  • Trauma to the skin, such as a wound or superficial burn injury
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