Uneven Skin tone and Discolouration

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation isn’t necessarily a condition but a term that describes skin that appears darker. It can:

  • Occur in small patches
  • Cover large areas
  • Affect the entire body

    While increased pigmentation usually isn’t harmful, it can be a symptom of another medical condition.

    Allow me to create a bespoke treatment plan to successfully tackle hyperpigmentation, leaving you with a clearer complexion.
  • Types of hyperpigmentation

    There are several types of hyperpigmentation, the common ones being melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

    Melasma also known as Cholasma ‘mask of pregnancy’ is believed to be caused by hormonal changes and may develop during pregnancy. This chronic condition is difficult to treat and is often irregularly shaped but often distinctly defined blotches of light to dark brown pigmentation seen on the upper nose, cheeks, chin, forehead and sometimes the neck as these areas are more exposed to the sun.

    Melasma is more common in darker skin types, Fitzpatricks 4-6.

    Sunspots - also called liver spots or solar lentigines, sunspots are common. They are related to excess sun exposure over time. Generally, they appear as spots on areas exposed to the sun, such as the hands and face.

    Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation - This is a result of injury or inflammation to the skin. A common cause of this type is acne.

    What are the symptoms and risk factors?

    Darkened areas on the skin are the main symptoms of hyperpigmentation. Patches can vary in size and develop anywhere on the body.

    The biggest risk factors for general hyperpigmentation are sun exposure and inflammation, as both situations can increase melanin production. The greater your exposure to the sun, the greater your risk of increased skin pigmentation.

    Depending on the type of disorder, other risk factors for hyperpigmented patches may include:
  • Oral contraceptive use or pregnancy, as seen with melasma
  • Darker skin type, which is more prone to pigmentation changes
  • Drugs that increase your sensitivity to the sunlight
  • Trauma to the skin, such as a wound or superficial burn injury
  • Skin Care Products Offered

    Further reading

    How to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation Based on Your Skin Type

    What is Hyperpigmentation

    Hyperpigmentation is the name of the patches of skin on your body that are more obscure than your normal skin tone. The obscured skin patches are brought about by the overproduction of the earthy colored shade, melanin, in your body. An excessive amount of melanin creation prompts any of these four fundamental sorts of hyperpigmentation: melasma, post-incendiary hyperpigmentation, sun harm, and ailments.

    Melasma is a condition most regularly found in ladies who take oral contraceptives or who are pregnant. Skin pigmentation or those earthy colored fixes that present on the skin are normally found on the cheeks, brow, nose, upper lip, and jawline.

    Post-incendiary hyperpigmentation is the most transitory type of the condition and happens as a response to specific injuries that your skin encounters. These “injuries” that trigger hyperpigmentation incorporate skin break out, contamination, waxing, laser medicines, and substance strips. Normally, these hyperpigmentation spots disappear all alone a few months.

    Sun harm is by and large what it seems like. Dull spots that happen from overexposure to the sun’s UV beams. Normally, sunspots show up on the face, chest, and hands and are more normal as one ages because of more sun openness consistently.

    The last sort of hyperpigmentation can happen because of an ailment called Addison’s infection. This sickness is an issue in one’s adrenal organ that causes an overproduction of melanin bringing about dull spots or more obscure skin tones.

     
    Best Ways to Treat of Hyperpigmentation

    Fortunately there are many alternatives that work to kill melanin creation and dispose of hyperpigmentation. A wide range of hyperpigmentation can be eased up back to your regular skin tone.

    The primary method that everyone tries is to utilize an over-the-counter easing up item. While thinking about this buy, make certain to pick an item that contains saturating specialists in it to stay away from dry skin just as to support cell turnover. Fixings like hyaluronic corrosive or glycerin will help the development of skin cells and can likewise reestablish the lipid boundary in your skin to shield it from sun beams. This method often delivers minimal sucess.

    The subsequent advance to take in recuperating hyperpigmentation is to abstain from picking, contacting, and pulling at your skin. Picking at your skin will just harm and excite the stained fix considerably more. The more you contact it, the more profound the pigmentation spots will move into your skin making it more hard to dispose of.

    In the event that over-the-counter creams are not getting the job done, consider the use of medical grade products. Original potency hydroquinone is the most ordinarily utilized item as it works to moderate the creation of pigmentation and blur dim spots. Make certain to follow your physician’s instructions with hydroquinone on the grounds that abuse of it can bring about expanded sun affectability or the blanching of the skin.

    Now and again, skin creams probably won’t function also or as fast true to form. For this situation, going to a specialist will function as the quickest and most effect method to dispose of hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels and microneedling are all options that work similarly to rid skin of hyperpigmentation

    Ultimately, and apparently in particular, you should find ways to keep future harm from hyperpigmentation. Utilising sunscreen with SPF 50 day by day is the most ideal approach to stay away from a sun harm or deteriorating of dim spots. While finishing your skincare schedule, make certain to utilize skincare items that don’t sting, as these can additionally disturb the condition. At long last, in the event that you battle with a skin inflammation skin condition, utilise a drug that forestalls breakouts and skin break out scars to keep away from staining from these also.

    To finish up, despite the fact that hyperpigmentation represents no quick danger to your skin’s wellbeing, it very well may be disappointing to have a lopsided skin tone. By treating your skin spots effectively through legitimate hyperpigmentation treatment, the staining will disappear and you will recover certainty with an even and gleaming appearance.